June 25, 2015
Recent press reports may have left readers with the idea that the EU is about to legislate to “ban” or “censor” holiday snaps of famous monuments and art works and/or make it illegal to upload them to Facebook or Instagram.
There is no such legal proposal on the table.
Even if there were, it would require the agreement not only of MEPs but of a large majority of Member States, most of which, like the UK, currently apply “freedom of panorama”. That principle allows anyone to publish, even for commercial ends, images of public places, including the buildings and public art works permanently located in those places.
Some other Member States, including France and Belgium, have laws which restrict – usually to non-commercial purposes – the use of such images without prior authorisation.
But they do not seek to ban people from taking photos for their own pleasure. Neither is there any evidence that …
May 29, 2015
Rapeseed, the home grown alternative to olive oil imports first introduced by the Romans, is again in the headlines as its bright yellow blooms transform parts of Britain.
Opinion concerning the impact the flowering crops have on hay fever sufferers is as seasonal as the crops themselves: “Runny eyes and wheezy chest? Blame Britain’s crops of rapeseed“, Daily Mail 2007 and more recently “Yellow crop has been blamed for Shropshire hay fever rise“.
Now the EU stands accused by Dr Madsen Pirie in the Times of being responsible for this perceived allergy misery: “What’s lurid, yellow and makes you sneeze? Ask the EU“, (21 May 2015).
But the amount of rapeseed currently growing in the UK is not the result of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
The CAP subsidy system has been reformed considerably over the last quarter of a century. It is now extremely market-oriented and decoupled from production, …
May 29, 2015
The Daily Express claims that “Brussels is trying to restrict the drinking habits of Britain’s coffee lovers”.
This is utter rubbish. It is inconceivable that the EU ever could – or would want to – restrict people from drinking as much coffee as they like.
What has happened is that some producers of energy drinks and other products containing caffeine sought EU authorisation for some claims they wanted to make in advertisements about caffeine’s alleged beneficial effects.
The EU is a single market where products can be marketed EU wide under one set of rules, which keeps business costs and prices down.
That means that, to protect consumers, there is a need to assess at European level the veracity of claims about the health-giving properties of food and drink. This is done based on advice from experts from the European Commission and all Member States.
As part of the ongoing assessment of whether …
May 27, 2015
Contrary to gung-ho reports in UK press (Daily Express, 27 May, Fury at EU plot to tax Britain; Daily Telegraph, France and Germany behind plans for ‘common EU corporation tax’), claims that the European Commission is planning to propose a minimum rate of taxation for businesses in the EU are plain wrong.
What we do however want to ensure is effective and fair taxation of profits where they are generated, especially when it comes to companies that do business across borders. Discussions at EU level are about tax bases and making sure companies cannot unfairly escape payment or derive unfair advantages from moving profits around, not about tax rates.
A tax base is not the rate of tax or the sum levied in tax but the value of the income or assets on which tax is calculated.
Here are some details about what the EU is really doing and intends …
April 25, 2015
Misleading stories in the Daily Mail and Daily Telegraph in late April suggested organic farmers and fish farmers have “been ordered by the EU to use homeopathic medicine.”
Homeopathy is one of the options available. But the EU rules concerned refer to other types of natural remedy and are crystal clear that antibiotics may be used where necessary.
Organic farming by definition means farming practices which are as natural as possible. That is why consumers choose to buy organic. The less intensive nature of production already helps prevent disease.
It is therefore logical that organic farmers should favour natural remedies, where appropriate, but have recourse to antibiotics where there is no effective alternative.
Given the general issues of animal welfare and immunity to antibiotics as well as the importance that consumers of organic products attach to all aspects of production it would seem surprising if newspapers were arguing that antibiotics should be used in …
April 14, 2015
A new EU law will limit the inter-bank fees on the basis of which banks charge retailers for accepting card payments. The cap will be 0.2 per cent of the transaction value for debit cards and 0.3 per cent for credit cards and will apply to all card purchases in the EU – including online. National Ministers and MEPs agreed last month on a European Commission proposal, and the new rules are due to be introduced by the end of the year provided final formalities are completed.
Of course, the higher the transaction fees, the more likely retailers will need to pass them on to all consumers in the form of higher prices. So the cap aims to keep a lid on prices, for everybody who uses credit cards but also for consumers who use (cheaper) debit cards or cash but still need to pay shop prices which reflect the level …
April 13, 2015
The UK government expects changes to EU VAT rules for digital products to raise for the UK Treasury an additional £300m in tax revenue every year.
The government has added that the changes will protect £5bn in revenue that might have been at risk without the changes, because they remove an incentive for certain companies to relocate outside the UK, in order to benefit from rock-bottom VAT rates: see: http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/research/briefing-papers/SN07075/vat-on-digital-services
The rule changes reduce the advantage for companies of locating in low VAT countries by establishing that VAT will be paid in the buyer’s country and not where the seller is based.
So someone in the UK buying an e-book from Amazon will now pay VAT to the UK, not Luxembourg.
This will ensure that countries like the UK – which operate average or high rates of VAT – get a fair income from VAT on digital products and cannot be unfairly undercut …
February 11, 2015
In its article British film producers warn of new EU threat to industry, 10 February 2015, The Independent reports on what it describes as “EU plans to shake up the online distribution of films” and quotes two representatives of the film industry who foretell the imminent death of Europe’s independent film production.
The article goes on to explain that the alleged plan will make it impossible to create in future films like the recent British hit Mr. Turner (Mike Leigh) or the films that were at the BAFTAs .
But the European Commission is not at this stage proposing anything. A proposal is scheduled for later this year, after consultations with all interested parties, but it will not mean changes in how films are made, nor prescribe digital release models. Of course, proposals for new EU laws require approval by a majority of MEPs and a large majority of national Ministers-they cannot …
January 9, 2015
Summary: new EU energy efficiency rules under the Eco-Design Directive agreed by elected Ministers and MEPs will not reduce the performance of household appliances, as some media have claimed. Indeed, earlier measures have led to appliances performing much better. The changes will save consumers money and give them better information, contribute to tackling climate change and help reduce dependence on imported energy. Industry, consumers and the UK government support the latest changes. From 1 January 2015 they will improve consumer information, particularly online, on how much household appliances cost to run, reduce energy waste by coffee machines and ensure that network devices like routers and smart TVs have an automatic standby mode. Details here. New minimum energy efficiency standards for gas and electric domestic ovens and cookers and for range hoods are to be phased in over four years from February 2015.
“Half-baked – EU cooker diktat is ‘threat’ …
December 16, 2014
Fears that a shortage of truck drivers means there will be no Christmas pudding on the supermarket shelves, or that presents bought online will be delivered late?
And an opportunity to blame Brussels?
No wonder several UK newspapers did not hold back.
“Shortage of truck drivers caused by EU rules puts economic recovery at risk…” fulminated the Daily Mail. “Christmas deliveries put at risk by EU” thundered The Times.
“Buy Christmas gifts now, we’re short on lorry drivers, shoppers told” and “Shoppers warned to buy Christmas presents early “ said the Evening Standard and the Mirror rather more calmly.
And more recently the Sunday Times shifted gear from gifts to worries about festive food, with “EU ruling gobbles up Christmas dinner”.
Caught in the headlights are European rules (under Directive 2003/59) setting common minimum standards – the Certificate of Professional Competence (CPC) – for all professional HGV drivers in Europe …