This report provides a comparative analysis of 15 policy mixes addressing different natural resources on which ex-post evaluations have been delivered in the context of the DYNAMIX research project. It also includes lighter analysis of other examples of policy mixes, to supplement the 15 case studies, as a means of drawing on wider real-world experience and thus allowing a wider set of thematic areas to be covered and lessons from broader set of instrument mixes to feed into the comparative analysis.
The report has been prepared by IEEP and partners as part of a European Commission funded research project – DYNAMIX, DYNAmic policy MIXes for absolute decoupling of environmental impact of EU resource use from economic growth – that aims to develop policy mixes to help the EU to reduce substantially its resource use and their environmental impacts while ensuring the prosperity and well-being of its citizens.
Our review suggests that effective policy mixes:
– focus on a specific resource or sector.
– achieve transformation because they match the type and level of ‘lock-in’ in the sector.
– are informed by a clear understanding of limits and thresholds.
– address global impacts of resource use, particularly imports from overseas.
– have clear targets and address all phases of the policy cycle, including built-in monitoring, review and response mechanisms.
– struck the right balance between effectiveness and acceptance.
– have predictable effect, thereby increasing efficiency.
– include information instruments to increase awareness, but do not use them in isolation, because information alone fails to deliver the scale of change required for decoupling.