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Bespectacled lorry drivers will lose their licence after July 1996, because Brussels says HGV drivers have to pass their eye tests without the aid of glasses and they will not be allowed to wear their glasses whilst driving in case they fall off during a journey or accident.
Birmingham Post, 18 January 1996
The Times, 19 January 1996, p1
The Times, 29 January 1996, p17
Daily Star, 7 February 1996, pp2 & 8
This is absolute nonsense. Some changes have been introduced, but they are minor and certainly do not forbid long or short-sighted drivers from driving with glasses or contact lenses.
The requirements are first and foremost a measure by the Member States’ governments to ensure road safety. With this in mind they agreed to amend the original directive (80/1263/EEC) in 1991, and to set the minimum standards of fitness for driving large goods vehicles and passenger carrying vehicles, as well as establishing mutual recognition of driving licences within the European Union. The second directive on driving licences (91/439/EEC) came into force on 1 July 1996.
Existing licence holders will have to undergo a medical check only when their driving licence is up for renewal. Drivers must re-apply at the age of 45, and then at 5 yearly intervals until the age of 65 and thereafter every year.
It is true that with the earlier directive the few one-eyed HGV drivers (less than 20 in the UK) can no longer drive large vehicles. The other small group of drivers affected is one possessing so-called ‘grandfather rights’. The directive does allow Member States to maintain these rights, but it is generally felt that those drivers whose eyesight fall well below the new standards in either eye, ie they cannot see at least the first line/letter of an optician’s eye chart from 3 metres without glasses or contact lenses, should no longer be driving. This was the view taken by the UK Government in implementing the directive.
To illustrate that this is a fairly low requirement, a person with perfect vision is able to read that line or letter at a distance of 60 metres.
The actual requirements are as follows:
Concerning Group 2 drivers, Annexe III Point 6.3 of the new directive stipulates that: applicants for a driving licence or for the renewal of such a licence must have a visual acuity, with corrective lenses if necessary, of at least 0.8 in the better eye and 0.5 in the worse eye (this corresponds to 6/9 and 6/12 on the Snellen scale). If corrective lenses are used to attain the values of 0.8 and 0.5, the uncorrected vision in each eye must reach 0.05 (ie 3/60 on the Snellen scale). In addition, drivers must have normal binocular field of vision in both eyes and must not suffer from double vision.
The value of 0.05 for the uncorrected sight in each eye was fixed by agreement of the competent national medical authorities of all Member States, to ensure that a driver can handle the vehicle and take preventive measures at all times. Although the standards set are stricter in asking that the minimal acuity in the best eye is raised from 0.75 to 0.8, it is now allows the uncorrected vision to be lowered from 0.1 to 0.05, and so many more drivers will be able to pass the eye test who would otherwise have failed it.
The 1996 Directive requires all drivers to meet the minimum standards and does not provide for transitional periods or derogations from these standards. However, member states may fix stricter standards if they wish.