The Parliament of Nature
Kristina Lindström, Per Linde, Åsa Ståhl, Per-Anders Hillgren, Ann Light, Ida Nord, Willhelm Ast, Pille Prulman Wengefeldt (Malmö University, Sweden)
Machine learning used to bring voices from nature into participatory decision making
The Parliament of Nature brings forward voices and concerns from a wide array of actors on the planet: humans, animals, trees, rivers etc. It is responsible for making decisions about investments and development projects that influence nature or planetary resources. The voices from nature are represented by democratically-elected politicians, volunteers from civil society, and rotating NGOs, that have nature as their main concern. To earn a seat in the parliament the representatives have to spend significant amounts of time in nature and learn about the actor they represent. Machine learning will also support representations from different temporalities, such as simulations of the future or voices from past eras so the consequences of historical decisions can inform present issues.
Per-Anders Hillgren, Michael Strange, Alicia Smedberg, Pelle Ehn, Sofie Gillstedt, Johan Lidmark, Bjarne Stenquist (Malmö University, Sweden)
Complementary policy making through organised citizens’ platforms
Fluid Parliaments (FPs) are process-oriented constructions for doing politics on a specific theme that complement the traditional parliament. Through online platforms citizens can organise themselves around themes that concern them. The platforms can be focused on health care, school, crime prevention or environmental issues. If an issue engages a specified number of citizens the government supports the formation of a fluid parliament.
Pelle Ehn, Michael Strange, Alicia Smedberg, Sofie Gillstedt, Per-Anders Hillgren, Johan Lidmark, Bjarne Stenquist (Malmö University, Sweden)
Re-envisaging of democratic community and practice as a fluid system modelled as a series of intersecting tornadoes
In this concept politics is based around radical mobility, providing a basis for collaborative resilience. It brings forward the aspects of issues not being taken care of within traditional systems, but also ensures that society is trained and deeply engaged within democratic relations. The human condition here is understood as one subjected to constant uncertainty, rather than grounded on terra firma. Tornado is seen as an analogy for modelling new forms of public engagement that break currently problematic and exclusionary static structures characteristic of current political systems. Everyone would be involved, regardless of citizenship or other demographic characteristics, though it would be age-restricted in that to engage in the tornadoes would require a certain level of experience. Tornadoes would be structured with a periphery and a core, where the periphery is where debate occurs, and the core is where decisions are formed.
Community Common Governance
Jörgen Andersson, Asko Kaupinen, Jerker Knape, Rodolfo Zúñiga, Ann Light, Per-Anders Hillgren (Malmö University, Sweden)
Decision-making through collaborative actions of local communities
Decision-making is devolved to local communities who get small basic resources that they themselves can use to initiate, develop and maintain local infrastructure. They could be used to build a common playground, rebuild the school or library or to initiate a street festival for increased security. The processes are built on self-organization where citizens themselves negotiate their roles and responsibilities. Each local community gets help from a paid facilitator and is able to draw on two types of municipal support – the Departments of (1) Creative Facilitation and (2) Connection. Facilitators work on inclusion and diversity. The first helps choose, employ and promote the paid facilitators for each area. The second ensures joined-up thinking on issues such as transport and environmental matters by bringing together facilitators and members of the community from multiple areas to agree on collaborative action across local communities.